Patient must tolerate all exercises for strengthening, agility, running, sprinting and plyometrics with no demonstration of compensation strategies, reports of pain or instability, or signssymptoms of inflammation. The gradual, progressive approach of this program gives the body an opportunity to continue healing without causing further damage. Introduction after acl reconstruction, an important milestone is returning to running rtr. Jun 08, 2015 clinical outcomes and returntosports participation of 50 soccer players after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction through a sportspecific rehabilitation protocol. Address any deficits that may limit return to work or sport goals hep compliance. Anterior cruciate ligament acl reconstruction and running.
The melbourne acl rehabilitation guide aims to fill this gap by having a running. Return to running following acl reconstruction youtube. Page 4 acl patella tendon protocol running 25% to 50% effort to start, begin on minitramp. Specific intervention should be based on the needs of the individual and should consider exam findings and clinical decision making. Acl with posterolateral corner or lcl repair follows different postop care, i. May 14, 2018 the risk of a second acl injury in a young, active individual is high after a previous acl reconstruction and return to sport. It is vital to faithfully adhere to the following program to avoid reinjury to the acl reconstruction. Acl reconstruction functional rehabilitation protocol dr. Returning to running after an injury without a plan is like running a marathon without building up your mileage.
Walking program must be able to walk, pain free, aggressively roughly 4. This will include rom and flexibility exercises, isometric exercises, and anti. The knee is a simple hinge joint at the connection point between the femur and tibia bones. We also screened the reference lists of included studies and conducted forward citation.
Running and jumping sports should be avoided due to. It is no means intended to be a substitute for ones clinical decision making. The knee should be swelling and pain free during this phase, and an emphasis is placed on correct technique particularly for deceleration tasks such as landing. With the high incidence of reinjury and the evidence of poor outcomes of acl reconstruction revision, a need for a return to sport protocol has developed. We prefer to start the acl protocol prior to surgery to educate the patient in proper post operative care.
The risk of a second acl injury in a young, active individual is high after a previous acl reconstruction and return to sport. Acl reconstruction protocol allograft week one week two initial evaluation evaluate. Jogging high knees to midfield, back kicks back to the end line. Acl hamstring tendon autograft reconstruction protocol. Following acl reconstruction, a patients return to such activities as biking may occur within the first 3 to 6 weeks, treadmill running by 10 to 12 weeks, outdoor running by 3 to 4 months, and full unlimited pivoting type sports by 6 to 8 months. Again the big goal of month 3 in acl rehabilitation is the return to running progression. First of all, the menisci have been demonstrated to interact closely with the acl contributing to increased stability in vitro.
Acl reconstruction rehabilitation protocol 4 control pain and swelling crushed ice or an aircast knee cryocuff along with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medications such as advil, nuprin, motrin, ibuprofen, aleve 2 tablets twice a day are used to help control pain and swelling. Jun 06, 2018 through the analysis of table 3, representing traditional gym exercises and activities with the respective grf when performing it, it can be noted that, to equal running grf, after an acl reconstruction, athletes should undergo serious strengthening programs in order to create musculoskeletal adaptations that allow them to perform running. Postop acl reconstruction return to sport test instructions. The high motivation of this population to return to sport quickly calls for the careful compilation of an appropriate and gradual returntorunning protocol that takes into account the many factors involved with successful healing of a tibial stress fracture. We look at proper form, strength and symmetry of the legs in order to make the decision. Rehabilitation protocol for acl reconstruction this protocol is intended to guide clinicians and patients through the postoperative course of an acl reconstruction. Data sources the medline pubmed, embase, web of science, pedro, sportdiscus and cochrane library electronic databases. Running progression, and runners that average 4060 miles per week this guideline is intended for end stage rehabilitation return to running and the clinician should use their own clinical judgement when it is safe to return the athlete to plyometrics and running. Acl hamstring tendon autograft reconstruction protocol the intent of this protocol is to provide the clinician with a guideline for the postoperative rehabilitation course of a patient that has undergone an acl hamstring tendon autograft reconstruction. Through the analysis of table 3, representing traditional gym exercises and activities with the respective grf when performing it, it can be noted that, to equal running grf, after an acl reconstruction, athletes should undergo serious strengthening programs in order to create musculoskeletal adaptations that allow them to perform running. Phase 3 of this acl rehab program sees a return to running, agility, jumping and hopping, as well as the continuation of a gym based strength and neuromuscular program. Acl reconstruction functional rehabilitation protocol. Acl reconstruction rehabilitation protocol one of the most common complications following acl reconstruction is loss of motion, especially loss of extension.
Acl reconstruction protocol the primary emphasis of this acl rehab protocol is on functional weight bearing exercises with a focus on restoring the balance between the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles, needed to maintain appropriate patellofemoral mechanics. It is important that the whole kinetic chain from the torso to the toes is ready for this increase in force up to 3x body weight with running. The successful return to the field for an athlete after an acl injury is dependent on a technically sound surgery and an intense rehabilitation program with excellent compliance by the athlete. Rehabilitation during the returntosport phase should be criteriadriven. Acl rehabilitation has undergone considerable changes over the past decade. Return to sport testing after acl reconstruction the prehab. Returntosport after acl revision reconstruction protocol.
All patients will be issued a neuromuscular electric stimulation unit nmes for home use with guidelines. The acl return to sport testing is a battery of tests. Whether its your knee, ankle, or hip, you need to follow a systematic return to running protocol to ensure that youve built up the adequate strength to run. This protocol is intended to provide the user with instruction, direction, rehabilitative guidelines and functional goals. Criteria for return to running after anterior cruciate. Physiotherapy acl protocol rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction aclr is an essential part of a full recovery. Incorporate bilateral, low level jumping exercises. These exercises will guide you from 3 to 6 months post surgery. Continue to increase strength, endurance, and add sport specific training drills. Anterior cruciate ligament acl rehabilitation physiopedia. The lesion pattern and concomitant injuries can also influence return to sport and other outcomes. Otherwise follow same milestones running progression. Crutches and immobilizer will be used 2 weeks following surgery.
These guidelines should not take the place of medical advice if attempting to return to sports following an injury. More than 200 000 anterior cruciate ligament acl injuries occur each year in the united states, and approximately 65% of these injuries are treated with reconstructive surgery. The aim of the present study is therefore to determine which criteria or. Acl reconstruction functional rehabilitation protocol formal physical therapy and sport specific training will last 812 months. There is a very big gap in the literature for when it is safe to return to running following acl reconstruction.
Physiotherapy following acl reconstruction protocol rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction aclr is an essential part of a full recovery. Acl injury common injury in sports involving cutting, pivoting, and jumping return to most sports not advised without reconstruction. The patient may return to sports participation when they pass the acl return to sports test and receive clearance by the physician. Returntosport after acl revision reconstruction protocol allograft or hamstring tendon graft immobilizer and crutches for 2 weeks initial rehabilitation protocol should follow the same criteria and goals, however, progression to activities. For a full description of my 3 month and 5 month postacl functional knee assessments, my modified couch to 5k jogging progression, and references, heres a downloadable version of my acl rehab and return to play protocol. The reality is while 80% of acl reconstruction aclr patients return to some form of sport, only 65% return to the same sporting level and 55% return to sport at a competitive level within 12 years post aclr reference. Return to soccer physical therapy protocol phase 2. This can happen in a sport such as basketball, for example, when a player lands on the leg when coming down from a rebound or is running down the court and makes an abrupt stop to pivot. Time, distance, and volume considerations for return to running after acl reconstruction.
Intensive research into the biomechanics of the injured and the operated knee have led to a movement away from the techniques of the early 1980s characterized by post operative casting, delayed weight bearing and limitation of rom, to the current early rehabilitation program with immediate training of. Get back to running after injury safely the prehab guys. Introduction the decision regarding when to return to sport after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction aclr is an important one. The rehabilitation program must consider multiple factors. Objective to describe the criteria used to guide clinical decisionmaking regarding when a patient is ready to return to running rtr after acl reconstruction. Complete sports test i and return to prerunning program at 3 months see handout for specific details fit for functional knee brace if requested by md. Medial meniscus deficiency is responsible for increased stress on the acl during ap tibial translation, while lateral. Anterior cruciate ligament acl reconstruction and running back to list torn acls are the most common and serious ligament injury to the knee and patients who suffer from this often need surgery for reconstruction. Myer et al 18 proposed four stages of advanced rehabilitation protocol to address common deficits found in athletes after acl reconstruction. Typically, after an acl replacement, people begin a running progression program at 1012 weeks after their operation and after an uncomplicated meniscectomy, a return to running program begins at 610 weeks. Return to running program credit for this program goes to steve cole,atc, cscs, long time head athletic trainer at william and mary college phase i. Intensive research into the biomechanics of the injured and the operated knee have led to a movement away from the techniques of the early 1980s characterized by post operative casting, delayed weight bearing and limitation of rom, to the current early rehabilitation program with immediate training of rom and weight. The rtr is a key to the participation element of the return to sport continuum figure1. Emily bolthouse, dpt, cscs1 return to running after a.
Criteria for return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament. Acl revision15 delay progression of running, hop testing, agility drills, and return to sport by 4 weeks. Loss of knee extension has been shown to result in a limp, quadriceps muscle weakness, and anterior knee pain. Jul 25, 2018 there is a very big gap in the literature for when it is safe to return to running following acl reconstruction. Based on the evidence provided, runners need to be screened, educated and specifically trained to safely return to their sport. The return to running program as outlined below, is designed to slowly return patients to running following injury. Good communication between the physician, physical therapist, athletic trainer, player, parents and coaches can help ensure a smooth and safe transition. Recent advances in the rehabilitation of anterior cruciate ligament injuries. There are hundreds of unique return to running plans based on different injuries. Once you have been cleared to begin your return to running it is important that you plan your running schedule for the best transition. The most common mechanism that tears the acl is the combination of a sudden stopping motion on the leg while quickly twisting on the knee. The most important of these to the knees stability is the anterior cruciate ligament acl. It is held together by several important ligaments.
Criteria for return to sport after anterior cruciate. In this article, we will cover acl return to sport testing as well as some of the alarming statistics regarding this topic. Doctors and therapists created the tests to ensure that an athlete is safe to return to their sport. Using a variety of subjective and objective parameters, various attempts have been made to determine an optimal timeline for a return to sport after aclr, but none have been validated.12 1240 1198 1199 224 66 737 1439 3 421 1043 110 1245 1209 1054 472 471 1177 165 380 979 828 776 573 1502 1011 1103 1170 492 646 1064 1292 274 816 94 125 399 664 1192 717 5 699 1024 83 717 875 717 1254 466